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Dan. 9:24: Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.

The day-for-a-year principle

Numbers 14:34
God told the Israelites, After the number of the DAYS in which ye searched the land, even forty days, each day FOR A YEAR, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years

Thus, a day in Bible prophecy is often a year being fulfilled!

Ezekiel 4:
This shall be a Sign to the house of Israel. Lie thou Also upon thy left side, and lay the Iniquity of the house of Israel upon it: According to the number of the days That thou shalt lie upon it thou shalt Bear their iniquity. For I have laid upon thee the years of their iniquity, according to the number of the days, three hundred and ninety days: so shalt thou bear the iniquity of the house of Israel And when thou hast accomplished them, lie again on thy right Side, and thou shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days: I have appointed thee EACH DAY FOR A YEAR (Ezek. 4:3-6).

Therefore, seventy weeks represents 70 times 7 or 490 days that is, since Days stand for prophetic years, a total of 490 years.

Daniel 9:25 Know therefore And understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the MESSIAH the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.

In the seventh year of Artaxerxes, King of Persia, Ezra came to Jerusalem (Ezra 7:1, 7-3). With him he had a letter containing the decree of Artaxerxes, permitting the rebuilding and restoration of Jerusalem!

Now this is the copy of the letter that the king Artaxerxes gave unto Ezra the priest. Artaxerxes, king of kings, unto Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace, and at such a time. I make a decree that all they of the people of Israel, and of his priests and Levites, in my realm, which are minded of their own freewill to go up to Jerusalem, go with thee. Forasmuch as thou art sent of the king, and of his seven counselors, to inquire concerning Judah and Jerusalem. (Verses 11-26.)

In this decree Ezra was given authority to take with him all the Jews wishing to return to Jerusalem and to rebuild the temple, the house of God, and whatever else God commanded.

In recent years an abundance of documents, business records, and astronomical tablets, from the time of Ezra and Nehemiah, have been translated, and help us determine when the decree of Artaxerxes was written. These records reveal that Xerxes died late in December 465 B.C. His death could not have occurred earlier or later, because documents dated in the last month of his reign, and in the first month of his successor have been found. Thus, his son, Artaxerxes, came to the throne in December 465 B.C. since the Persians reckoned the years of their kings from spring to spring. Artaxerxes' first year was from April, 464 B.C. to April, 463 B.C. The preceding months of his reign are simply called his accession year.

The Jews in Palestine in Ezra and Nehemiah's day, however, counted civil years from fall to fall. They always postdated the reigns of Gentile rulers -- that is, counted from the fall after the first year officially began. Therefore, according to Jewish reckoning, the first year of the reign of Artaxerxes would have been September, 464 to September 463 B.C. This information

May be corroborated in The Chronology of Ezra 7, as well as other thorough books on archaeology dealing with this period.

The seventh year of Artaxerxes, therefore, was September, 458 to September 457 B.C., according to Jewish reckoning. Ezra left Babylon and came to Jerusalem in Artaxerxes' seventh year - the year of the decree-his journey lasting five months (Ezra 7:8-9), and occurring during the first five months of the year-from Nisan in 457, corresponding to our April, to the month Ab, corresponding to our August.

The prophecy was that from the year of the issuance of Artaxerxes' decree there would be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks - till the appearance of the Messiah! In other words, from 457 B.C., in the fall, till Christ appeared on the scene, there were to be sixty times 7 or 483 years!

483 years after 457 B.C. brings us to exactly A.D. 27! Halley claimed, in his Handbook, the date the Messiah was to appear was 26 A.D. However, there is no year zero. Therefore, in crossing from B.C. to A.D. or vice versa, a year must be added to the total to arrive at the correct date!

Notice:. 483 years were to pass, beginning from 457 B.C. when the decree went forth, bringing us to 26 A.D - however, one year must be added. 1 in crossing from B.C. to A.D., bringing us to

27 A.D. - since there is no year zero.

Therefore, the year the Messiah was to appear was 27 A.D.! This was the historical year when Jesus Christ began his ministry! This was the very year He was baptized, tempted of Satan the Devil in the wilderness, and began to call His disciples! Bible chronology and history prove Christ began His ministry in 27 A.D. In 27 A.D. the MESSIAH appeared - JESUS CHRIST!

Verse 26: m And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be CUT OFF, but not for himself.

After 483 years, then, the Messiah was to be cut off

Isaiah 53:4-5: Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows . . . But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities . . .

Isaiah 53:8: records, He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgressions of my people was He stricken

Christ, the Messiah, was cut off - KILLEDCRUCIFIED - not for Himself, but for our sins!

The last part of Daniel 9:26 shows that after Christ's crucifixion, the people of the prince... That is, the Roman armies under Titus and Vespasian-that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary.

This was fulfilled in 70 A.D. when the Roman armies besieged Jerusalem, destroyed the inhabitants, burned the Temple, and razed the city to the ground!

And the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined,

Daniel concludes (verse 26, last part). The Romans desolated the city and

The surrounding area!

Verse 27: And he {Christ) shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week He shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease. . .

70th week here represents 7 years. But, in the midst of this week Christ was to cause sacrifices to cease.

Heb. 9:28: So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many He took our sins upon Himself, Isaiah prophesied; He was to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to make an end of sins, Daniel wrote. But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God (Heb. 10:12).

Christ caused the sacrifices to cease because they were no longer necessary! For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins (Heb.10:4). However, the blood of Christ covers all sins!

Christ-the Messiah accomplished this in the midst of the week! (That is dual)

After fulfilling one half of the seventieth week-after preaching the Gospel for three and one-half years Christ died for the sins of the world after doing the Work of God for three and one-half years, from autumn 27 A.D. until spring 31 A.D.

It also indicates that Christ died for our sins in the middle of a literal week-on a Wednesday! And He was resurrected three days and three nights later-in the evening of the weekly Sabbath (Mat. 12:40), so that He had arisen already by sunrise Sunday morning (Mat.28:6; Mark 16:6; Luke 24:6).

Since Jesus died for the sins of mankind in the midst of the week, the prophecy, And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week, has not yet been completely fulfilled. For three and one-half years, during His ministry, He confirmed the covenant with His disciples. By dying for our sins, He put the final stamp on the covenant. Through Him, all people can now enter into the covenant which God made with Abraham (Gal. 3:29), And become heirs according to the

Promise. But-as Daniel 9:26-27 reveals there yet remains three and one-half years of Christ's ministry to be fulfilled!

Christ will fulfill it when He Returns! When Jesus Christ returns to this earth, He will confirm the covenant He made with His people. He will confirm the covenant He made with Abraham, promising that his seed would inherit the entire world (see Gen. 17:4-8; 22:16-18). Abraham and his spiritual seed through Christ will inherit the world (Rom. 4:13).

When Christ returns, Abraham and the saints will rise to meet Him in the air (I Thess. 4:13-17). They will then reign with Him, over the nations of the earth (Rev. 2:26-27; 5:10). And, at that time, Christ will make a new covenant with His people Israel, and write His laws in their hearts and upon their minds (Heb.8:6-10). For three and one-half years, Christ will complete His ministry to Israel, teaching them His ways. Rebels will be purged out from among His people, but the others, who repent of their sins and loathe themselves for their evil deeds, will be forgiven and will come to know God (Ezek. 20:35-38, 43-44).

Soon, Jesus Christ is going to return to earth and complete the fulfillment of Daniel 9-finish confirming the covenant with His people - and usher in EVERLASTING RIGHTEOUSNESS when He returns, to seal up the vision and Prophecy (verse 24).

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